Artemis 1 rocket: what will the Nasa moon mission be carrying into space?

Artemis 1 rocket
Artemis 1 rocket

Artemis 1 rocket: On Monday, the Orion spacecraft will be launched by NASA from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. NASA’s new moon rocket is about to launch. Artemis I won’t land on the moon, but it will travel farther than any human-made vehicle before.

Artemis I will launch from Florida’s Kennedy Space Center

Artemis 1 rocket: Helga, Zohar, and Moonikin Campos will be NASA’s three astronauts. These high-tech manikins will investigate how the human body reacts to space travel. Helga and Zohar will assess the impact of radiation on women in space, and Moonikin Campos will track how rough a trip to the moon may be. These manikins may not appear remarkable, but they’re crucial to NASA’s plans to take astronauts to the moon and Mars. They’re one of numerous science experiments on the expedition aimed to improve space travel knowledge.

Monday morning, Artemis I will launch from Florida’s Kennedy Space Center. NASA’s launch window is 8:33-10:33 am ET. The Space Launch System (SLS), NASA’s most powerful rocket, will launch with Orion on its nose. After leaving orbit, Orion will fly beyond the moon and hundreds of kilometres beyond it before returning to Earth — a 42-day, 1.3 million-mile trek. Monday, 6:30 am ET is launch time.

All aboard Artemis 1

The SLS will bring NASA to the moon’s surface. The rocket is taller than the Statue of Liberty and can lift 8.8 million pounds. SLS has multiple stages like other launch vehicles. Each stage helps the rocket escape Earth’s gravity, enter space, and burst through the atmosphere. The SLS features two solid rocket boosters and a 212-foot-tall, 700,000-gallon core stage to do this. This is NASA’s largest core stage. The boosters will fire for 2 minutes after launch before landing in the Atlantic. In 8 minutes comes the core stage. ICPS will circle Earth once. 90 minutes into the flight, the ICPS will “strongly push” Orion.

Whitman Cobb believes Congress tolerated the over-budget

Artemis 1 rocket: The SLS is outdated. Several of its primary engines are from the 2011-ended NASA Space Shuttle programme. Other space flights use reusable rocket boosters, but not SLS. SLS is different from SpaceX’s Starship. SpaceX won a $2.9 billion NASA contract and aims to launch Starship in six months. Congress’ backing for SLS is unpopular in the space industry because the project ran over budget and was repeatedly delayed, while private companies are creating cheaper alternatives.

Whitman Cobb believes Congress tolerated the over-budget, behind-schedule SLS to keep money and employment in key districts. NASA’s Orion, intended for Artemis missions and Mars trips, has significant support. Lockheed Martin constructed the wing-like spaceship. Artemis is Orion’s crew module. The crew compartment will have sleeping bags, new NASA-recipe space food bars, and a zero-gravity, all-gender space toilet.

Orion also has a yeast radiation experiment

Science experiments will be on board. Zohar and Helga are NASA manikins made of 38 plastic flesh slices, 5,600 sensors, and 34 radiation detectors. Future astronauts will be concerned about space’s high radiation level if missions are longer and more ambitious. These radiation-sensitive manikins have breasts and uteruses. Engineers are studying the AstroRed safety gear to protect astronauts from radiation, especially solar flares. NASA will study how much the AstroRed helped Helga.

Orion also has a yeast radiation experiment. Researchers want to expose freeze-dried yeast to fluid for three days in space. Scientists will test the yeast’s DNA after Orion returns to Earth. The experiment could help future space travelers stay healthy. Amazon’s Alexa voice assistant is also on board. Amazon, Cisco, and Lockheed Martin created Callisto to interact with astronauts. The engineers say the technology is meant to provide aid and friendship.

Apollo 11 mementos, including a sample of moon dust and an engine

Callisto is an independent payload aboard Orion and has no control over flight control or other mission-critical systems, says Amazon’s Justin Nikolaus. Other items are sentimental. Shaun the Sheep from Wallace and Gromit will be on Orion. So will a Snoopy doll have dressed as an astronaut and a Peanuts pen nib wrapped in a comic strip. Apollo 11 mementos, including a sample of moon dust and an engine, are also travelling.

Beyond the moon

Artemis 1 rocket won’t return some of its most essential research. The mission will launch 10 CubeSats into lunar orbit. NASA and private corporations might utilize this data to navigate on and around the moon.

LunIR will evaluate the lunar surface’s safety via infrared imaging, which could influence where astronauts travel. The Lunar IceCube spacecraft will search for lunar water that NASA could exploit. NEA Scout will visit a neighboring asteroid to educate future crewed missions. After the spacecraft is far away, the Orion Stage Adapter will launch the satellites.

All this depends on Artemis I’s success. NASA must examine SLS and Orion’s launch performance. We won’t know for a while how well Orion survives its atmospheric descent. If all goes well, the Orion capsule will splash down in the Pacific Ocean on October 10.

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